7 Clinical Observations – Day 5, Thoughts About The Pandemic

What is the typical COVID-19 case? 

Daily thoughts & numbers on the COVID-19 pandemic from a M.D. working in the front lines at the Emergency Department in a hospital in Stockholm, Sweden. 

Before COVID-19 patients started to pour into our clinic, physicians at other clinics said that we would, after a couple cases, quickly start recognizing the typical SARS-CoV-2 infected patient, even before the lab-test confirmation arrived.

I tend to agree, they seem to have their own distinct features. I tried to list some of the observation we (and others) have made:

  1. High CRP but normal WBC – Perhaps the most distinct feature in my opinion. In patients with other infections (such as the flu) WBC often increases first followed by CRP that lags by a day or so. That seems not to be the case with COVID-19 patients. They can have very high amounts of CRP yet still maintain normal WBC. This feature helps us be more restrictive with antibiotics and instead take help from the lab-test procalcitonin (PCT) that usually is also low in viral infections, that seems to be the case with COVID-19 too, when PCT is elevated we add antibiotics to their treatment.
  2. Basal crackles are heard with the stethoscope – Most patients being admitted to the hospital have developed pneumonia and crackles can therefor (often) be heard.
  3. The most common symptoms are pretty non-specific: *
    • fever
    • cough
    • fatigue
    • sputum production
    • shortness of breath
  4. The radiology in patients that develop more severe ARDS reminds me more of PCP than the flu – The pattern seen on CT/X-Ray, among other findings, is peripheral distribution of ground-glass changes. It has such a distinctive look that our radiologists have started writing if they have or don’t have a high COVID-19 suspicion. *
  5. The test can be false positive – If the clinic looks like COVID-19, retake the test. If it’s still negative consider taking samples with the help of bronchoscopy.
  6. Take ABG and follow PFI, if low consider moving to ICU immediately for intubation – As the case is with all ARDS-patients, except the severe cases with COVID-19 seem to get critical quicker than we are used to.
  7. Be liberal with lab-tests – Besides basic labs check ferritin, blood-cells (lymphocytes), D-dimer, troponin, and LD as they can be predictive of severity. *

COVID-19 Numbers Sweden 2020-03-29 *

  • 110 deaths nationally
    • 67 of them in Stockholm
  • 3 700 confirmed cases nationally
    29fhm
    New confirmed cases daily in Sweden. 
    (Number of COVID-19 cases over time in Sweden, updates during mornings at 14:00 so todays numbers are not yet complete until the next day).
    29fhmk
    New confirmed cases accumulated over time in Sweden. 
    (Number of COVID-19 cases over time in Sweden, updates during mornings at 14:00 so todays numbers are not yet complete until the next day).
  • Intensive care Sweden*
    • 269 COVID-19 confirmed patients treated in the ICU in total so far
    • 9,5 days from symptoms to ICU
    • 26,8 % women
      29sir
      Total number of recorded of COVID-19 patients needing ICU care each week. From Week 10 it seems to more than double each week, 5 →  24  → 127 → (340 this week up until now, however since it’s only sunday this weeks numbers are yet incomplete)

COVID-19 Numbers Globally (updated today 2020-03-29 at 10:00 CET) *

  • 29 957 confirmed deaths
  • 634 835 confirmed cases
  • 202 countries, areas or territories with cases

Financial Times Cumulative Number of Deaths Selected Countries (updated yesterday 2020-03-28 at 19:00 GMT) *

29ft

New Resources Added to ※ CTSOP 

  • Prone Position in ARDS How To – NEJM video 5 minutes.
  • Treatment tracker – The Milken Institute recently released a detailed tracker to monitor the progress of each of the more than 60 known COVID-19 treatments and preventions currently in development.

Image: Treatment Tracker for COVID-19 *

That’s it until tomorrow, keep calm and stay safe!